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Malaria

Background

Malaria is caused by a parasite which is transmitted via the bite of infected Anopheles mosquitoes. In the human body, the parasites multiply in the liver, and then infect red blood cells causing recurrent attacks of chills and fever. There are four species of malaria parasites that can infect humans: Plasmodium falciparum, P. malariae, P. ovale, and P. vivax. Infection with P. falciparum, if not promptly treated, can be fatal. The majority of malaria deaths worldwide are due to P. falciparum.Plasmodium vivax and P. ovale, although rarely fatal, can develop dormant liver stages that can reactivate after symptom-free intervals of up to 2 to 4 years, respectively.

Malaria is most prevalent in warmer regions of the world – typically tropical and subtropical areas. In many parts of the world, the parasites have developed resistance to a number of malaria medicines. Malaria can be effectively treated with a variety of prescription drugs if diagnosed early. No vaccine against malaria is available. Travelers can protect themselves by using measures to avoid mosquito bites and by taking drugs to prevent malaria.

Below, we have provided information on malaria including clinical guidance, policies and directives, training material, and other resources, to assist healthcare providers and Service members and their families.

Table of Contents


Policies and Directives

DoD / Joint Forces

Army

Navy / Marines

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Clinical Guidance

Malaria Diagnosis and Control

Malaria Chemoprophylaxis

G6-PD Deficiency Screening

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Forms and Measures

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Fact Sheets

Malaria Diagnosis and Control

Malaria Chemoprophylaxis

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Other Related Information

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Education and Training

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Research

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Related Links

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