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Operation United Shield

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Background

 In December 1992, under Operation
 Restore Hope, U.S. forces were
 deployed to Somalia to secure an
 airfield and key installations, provide
 security for the safe passage of relief
 supplies and offer humanitarian
 assistance. Security was quickly
 established at all food distribution
 sites and connecting routes to ensure
 rapid distribution of food and
 humanitarian supplies throughout the
 country. Operation Restore Hope relief
workers faced a rapidly unfolding situations. On October 3, 1993, Command soldiers fought their bloodiest battle in decades. Two Black Hawk helicopters crashed, and 18 USASOC soldiers were killed before it was all over.

In "Black Hawk Down" a motion picture now in theaters depicts the battle Marines fought during this three-day struggle. U.S. Army forces in Somalia were reduced in preparation for a transition to a United Nations peacekeeping force. In March 1995, under Operation United Shield, the U.S. military assisted in the final withdrawal of all United Nations peacekeeping troops from Somalia.

Dates of Conflict



Dates of Conflict

December, 1992 U.S. provided assistance to the people of Somalia under Operation Restore Hope by securing roads, airfield and key installations for relief supplies.
 
October 3, 1993 U. S. Army Special Operations Command soldiers fought their bloodiest battle in decades. Two Black Hawk helicopters crashed, and 18 USASOC soldiers were killed.
 
March 1, 1995 Operation United Shield assisted the withdrawal of United Nations peacekeeping troops from Somalia. The decision came in response to a long-standing U.N. request for American protection of its peacekeeping forces serving in the war-torn African nation. On 03 March 1995, after two years and $2 billion, the United Nations concluded its withdrawal from Somalia. Under the protective cover of a seven-nation task force, 2,500 Pakistani and Bangladeshi peacekeepers completed their withdrawal and began their journey home. About 1,800 US Marines and 350 Italian Marines landed on 01 March to safeguard the movement. The 73-hour operation was successful. The Marines' return marked the second landing in Somalia in 27 months.
 
March 31, 1995 The U.N. Security Council established 31 March as the deadline for the departure of all its forces participating in U.N. operations in Somalia. In all, over 4,000 US CENTCOM personnel participated in Operation United Shield ton support the withdrawal of U.N. forces from Somalia.

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