Common Endemic Diseases
- Sandfly Fever Viruses of the Bunyaviridae family.
- Symptoms may include fever, frontal headache, lethargy, malaise, retroorbital pain, conjuctivitis, photophobia, neck rigidity, low back pain, myalgia, meningitis, encephalitis, confusion.
- Bite from female sandflies, Phlebotomus papatasi, Phlebotomus perniciosus, Phlebotomus perfiliewi.
Available at special laboratories:
- Serological detection of IgM and IgG antibodies using ELISA, PCR, viral isolation, hemagglutiniation, neutralization, and immunofluorescence tests.