Sexual assault and sexual harassment are significant issues in the United States. According to the National Sexual Violence Resource Center, one in five women and one in 71 men will be sexually assaulted at some point in their lives. In the DoD:
- There were 6,172 reports of sexual assault involving service members in fiscal year 2016; 5,350 of these reports were made by service members.
- Females made 79 percent of the reports and males made 20 percent (1 percent missing data). Approximately 10 percent of the reports were for incidents that occurred before the service member entered into military service.
- Only around 32 percent of service members who experienced a sexual assault in fiscal year 2016 reported the incident according to DoD estimates.
- Per the Workplace and Gender Relations Survey for Active Duty Members, an anonymously completed survey, 4.3 percent of active-duty women and 0.6 percent of active-duty men indicated experiencing sexual assault in the year prior to being surveyed. Using these rates, the Department estimated that about 14,900 service members experienced sexual assault in fiscal year 2016.
- There were 601 formal complaints of sexual harassment in DoD in fiscal year 2016.
There are key differences between sexual assault and sexual harassment :
Sexual assault in both males and females may result in the following problems:
Healthy coping strategies are essential to recovering from the trauma of a sexual assault:
- Seek care from a professional if psychological health symptoms persist and impact daily life
The DoD Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Office (SAPRO) serves as the single point of authority for program accountability and oversight to enable military readiness and reduce, with a goal to eliminate, sexual assault from the military. The SAPRO website contains helpful information related to sexual assault including fact sheets on:
- Victim Assistance Overview
- FY15 Annual Report on Sexual Assault in the Military
- DoD Plan to Prevent and Respond to Sexual Assault of Military Men
DoD has multiple ongoing efforts to address the issue of sexual assault and the supports needed for victims as well as those accused of sexual assault, including collaborative work groups across the services and DoD to examine gaps and provide recommendations to improve the health care response, a work group to take action regarding male sexual assault, and several research studies.
The Psychological Health Center of Excellence (PHCoE) serves as the lead of the Sexual Assault Advisory Group (SAAG) of the Psychological Health Council. Established in 2013, this group addresses the issue of sexual assault in the services and in particular, the health care response to sexual assault and sexual harassment. PHCoE is the sexual assault expert point of contact for the Defense Health Agency National Capital Region.